Diverticulosis is one of diseases caused by poor diet and an unhealthy lifestyle. For some time diverticulosis has been known as the “presidents’ disease” as it coincidentally occurred in two former European presidents at the same time. Diverticulosis, however, affects even common citizens and in the western world up to 60% of people aged over 60. Its symptoms may be mistaken for other digestive disorders.
Colon polyps indicate a protrusion of the mucosa which may have a cancerous or a non-cancerous character. Age has a vast influence on the onset and development of polyps. Below 30 years of age polyps occur only rarely, but with increasing age the risk of disease rises as well as the number and the size of polyps. The larger the number and the size, the higher the risk of developing a polyp into a malignant tumour.
Ulcerative colitis or inflammation of the colon together with Crohn’s disease belongs to non-specific inflammatory bowel diseases. Ulcerative colitis affects women more often, primarily in adolescence or early adulthood and also between their 50s and 80s. However, it is believed that inflammation of the colon affects three times more people than those treated.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is caused by many factors. When the cause is unknown the disease is considered non-specific. Specific inflammations of the gut are divided into ischemic colitis, infectious colitis, collagenous colitis and celiac disease (gluten intolerance). The onset of inflammations is a consequence of poor diet, a lack of exercise and other factors.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a digestive tract disorder characterized by recurrent symptoms of abdominal pain, convulsions and excess gas associated with hard stool (constipation) or watery stools (diarrhea). It is not a disease, it is considered a functional disorder in which the intestines behave abnormally but exhibit no visible signs of disease or damage to the intestinal wall. It is a long-term condition for patients, but it is not life-threatening.