Higher Genetic load
Vyšší genetická zátěž
A higher genetic load refers to people who have a family history of diseases that might have been caused by a genetic predisposition. Genetic predispositions are associated with some diseases, specifically cancers. The risk of diseases due to the higher genetic load is influenced by many other risk factors. Psychological imbalance, allergies, a weak immune system, unhealthy diet, polluted environment and other aspects may greatly increase the risk of diseases. It cannot be suggested that people with the higher genetic load are more likely to get ill than the others. If we follow the risk factors such as smoking, alcohol or other unhealthy habits, then the absence of a genetic predisposition is of no help.
Higher genetic load and cancer
In terms of cancer, it has been suggested that 5-10% are caused by genetic predispositions. So in 90% of cases cells undergo changes during their lifespan due to the way of living. Mutation of a very important gene that usually results in cancer may affect individuals of a very young age. The most common cancers due to inherited faulty genes are breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colon or uterine cancer.
Testing higher genetic load
If cancer appears in a family and indication criteria for testing are met, the genetic testing is covered by a health insurance company. Of course it is possible to get the test despite the negative or a low-risk family history based on evaluation of a clinical geneticist, but at one’s own expense.
Higher genetic load and the immune system
A strong and healthy immune system resists diseases despite genetic predispositions, thus immunity forms a basis of good health. The likelihood of cancer or another disease with inherited genetic mutation is affected by many other factors including the body’s resistance. People with the higher genetic load are recommended to strengthen their immune system regularly, so no minor viral disease becomes a serious condition. In order to boost the immune system we should follow the general principles of a healthy lifestyle that may be difficult to fulfil completely, or they may not be effective enough due to negative factors. Therefore, to enhance immunity by natural food supplements is nowadays in demand, and it will always guarantee good outcomes. Moreover, remedial substances extracted from nature should be fully utilised by people with no genetic load as the adverse factors of the modern world are countless.