Inflammatory and viral diseases are a fairly common problem of today’s modern age, and affect everybody throughout their lives. They are most often caused by unwanted microorganisms invading the body, and the subsequent inflammation acts as a defence mechanism warning from potential damage. The onset of inflammations and viral diseases is closely linked to a poor function of the immune system. Due to the potential progression to a chronic and more severe condition a timely treatment is important, and this includes boosting the immunity as a form of prevention. Apart from the risk reduction, Penoxal also mitigates the disease progression and accelerates its treatment.
About inflammatory and viral diseases
Inflammations may work to our advantage by its warning function which relatively early raises the alarm about a problem in the body. If long-term or chronic, the inflammation becomes our foe which compromises the immune system, and it becomes responsible for the development or progression of many diseases of civilisation and degenerative diseases; it contributes to severe heart diseases and the onset of cancer.
The cause of most acute inflammations is a compromised immunity in particular. Inflammation is a reaction to pathogens invading the body (viruses, bacteria, parasites), to chemical and physical agents, or it defends from body damage. Chronic inflammation is usually a result of a poorly managed acute inflammation, and it may induce irreversible changes or organ failures.
Acute inflammatory diseases stimulate immune reactions involving macrophages, specific white blood cells. In some cases it is desirable not to suppress the disease symptoms (e.g. fever), but to let the immune system to cope with the problem itself. If the symptoms are prolonged or worsening, a pharmacological help is necessary.
Frequent diseases are viral infections affecting sinuses, nasopharynx, bronchi, tonsils (tonsillitis), pneumonia, gingivitis, urinary tract infection and others. Some inflammations may not be prevented – e.g. appendicitis, while others may be defeated by our immunity.
A healthy lifestyle is a preventative measure in all cases – healthy diet, sufficient exercise and relaxation, good hygienic habits that lead to a stronger immunity. Anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids are found in fish, lindseed and nuts, but anti-inflammatory effect is also found in foods such as ginger, garlic, onion, turmeric, mint and others.
Disease symptoms manifest at the area of inflammation (pain, swelling, redness, local heat), then the entire body may respond with fatigue, fever or blood count changes – white blood cell multiplication (leucocytosis), increased sedimentation or CRP levels. Chronic inflammations are associated with failure of organs affected. The immune system continually compromised by inflammation cannot fight other diseases and so the body becomes more susceptible to infections.
Due to their frequency viral diseases (infections) are the most costly for the modern medicine. There are many types of viruses; their presence in the body is often unrecognised as they are eliminated very quickly by the immune system. Most of them cause minor illnesses (cold, flu, herpes, diarrhoea), while others may be life-threatening or they may influence further generations (jaundice, AIDS, encephalitis, smallpox, measles, mumps). An increasing trend has been recorded in HPV infections that induce tumour growth in cervix and other problems.
Viruses are present in blood, saliva, urine, stool and secretions of the airways; their transmission is very easy, through a mere contact or air. Most often they enter the body via the respiratory or digestive tract, less often via injured skin or placenta (from the mother to foetus). After entering the body, they search for a suitable cell and change (replicate) its DNA in their favour, and subsequently the fight between the virus and the immune system starts. If immunity is compromised, the virus can multiply and manifest as a disease after the incubation period. Some viruses may persist in the body for long or for the entire life (e.g. herpes simplex).
A treatment of most minor viral diseases involves rest in bed, adequate fluid and vitamin intake, or taking drugs for pain or fever. There are effective vaccines and drugs (virostatics) against some viral diseases, but frequent unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics are ineffective.
Apart from adequate hygiene and a healthy lifestyle, preventative steps include cold showers/baths that boost the immune system, and vaccination.